Cannabutter or cannabis-infused butter is easy to make, but very tricky. With a lot of information in the internet, you don’t need to be a connoisseur to make a legit cannabutter. One of the most common ways to make cannabis-infused edibles is by infusing weed to butter. To activate the psychoactive component of cannabis, the flower must undergo slow heat through the process of decarboxylation. In this article, we will guide you to a step by step guide to infusing cannabutter. Although making homemade edibles with precise dosing is difficult, we will give you some tips for more accurate dosing, but with no guarantee for the potency and homogeneity of every batch.
How to make a Cannabutter?
Amongst the coconut oil, olive oil, and any fatty oil infusions, butter is the most common, delicious and flexible carrier of THC and other cannabinoids. Scientifically, cannabinoids are lipophilic. Lipophilic means they dissolve in and bind to fat. When these cannabinoids are absorbed, they become more bioavailable in our bodies. Remember that butter burns fast, so focus on your cannabutter as you cook. Also, before hitting up a cannabis delivery service, make sure you know the type of cannabis you want to infuse.
1 cup of butter (better unsalted)
1 cup of ground cannabis (7 to 10 grams), decarboxylated
What you will need:
- Hand grinder or scissors
- Oven and oven tray
- Glass baking dish or saucepan
- Cheesecloth and funnel
How to Decarboxylate The Cannabis?
Decarboxylation, or “decarbing” the cannabis flower is the first step to making a cannabutter. This step is the key to a strong and active cannabis product. Cannabis buds at first contain THCA and CBDA (a non-intoxicating or non-psychoactive acidic compound.) Through smoking and vaporizing, the heat turns THCA into THC (the component for a “high” and euphoric effect) and CBDA into CBD. It also allows lipids from butter to bind to your cannabis for the ultimate infusion. The same process is used when making CBD edibles.
Some recipes direct you to decarb cannabis flowers in the hot butter at the same time, but we recommend you to decarb it in the oven first for a better infusion. Preheat your oven to 245ºF (you can also set to 300ºF for 10-18 minutes, but low and slow is what we recommend for a better preservation of cannabinoids). Using a non-stick, oven-safe tray, carefully place your cannabis and cover with parchment paper to avoid sticking. Then put the tray inside the oven and time for 30-40 minutes. For older and drier cannabis, pop for 20 minutes. For cured high grade weeds, set aside to 45 minutes. Anything that’s recently harvested and still wet, pop for an hour or more. Check on the weed every 10 minutes, and mix the buds evenly with a light shake to expose all areas. You will know if the weed has decarboxylated if you notice a change of color (from bright green to deep brown).
Basic Recipe for Cannabis-infused Butter
- Grinding – Grind the decarboxylated cannabis using a hand grinder.
- Melting the Butter – In a stock pot or saucepan, add a cup of water and a cup of butter. Simmer on low heat and let the butter melt. To prevent the butter from scorching, regulate the temperature by adding water.
- Adding the Cannabis – As the butter begins to melt, add the grounded cannabis.
Simmer – Maintaining low heat is important. It should never exceed 200ºF and preferably 160ºF. Stir now and then. Let everything simmer for 2 to 3 hours, making sure it never goes to a full boil
- Straining the Cannabutter – Line with a cheesecloth and set the funnel on top of the jar. Let the butter cool off before pouring to the funnel and strain carefully. It is not advisable to squeeze the cheesecloth to eliminate the bad-tasting part of the plant.
- Refrigerate – Put the jar of butter inside the refrigerator. After refrigeration when you see excess water forms at the bottom of the jar, remove the solid butter using a knife and drain the water out.
For Slow Cooking
- Grind your cannabis coarsely. Apart from a hand grinder, a coffee grinder can help you finely pulverize the cannabis. It can also effectively filter the bad taste of the plant.
- Set to low for slow cooking (around 160ºF). Avoid wasting cannabinoids by preventing burn.A little water can help to prevent scorching.
- Add butter and grounded cannabis, stirring occasionally.
- After three hours, turn off the pot and wait until cool.
- Strain as usual with the cheesecloth and funnel.
- Refrigerate and drain as above.
Tips for Dosing
The potency of your cannabutter depends on many factors. The cooking time and heat are critical as well as the type of cannabis strain used. The strains can either be indica or sativa. To test your finished product, do it by spreading ¼ or ½ teaspoon on a snack and see how it affects you after an hour. Decrease or increase the dose as you go. You can then set a standard dose for all of your cannabutter recipes as you desire.
You can put cannabutter on any recipe. From vegetable salad, hot soup to any sweet and savory edibles. You can also add a few tablespoons of infused oil into baked goods like chocolate brownies and cake.
Keep in mind that there are no definitive guidelines when cooking cannabis. It is alright if you want to develop your own method as long as you get the result that you need. Just make sure to remember these general guidelines when doing your cannabutter: decarb properly, don’t use fake butter, and do not overheat.
Additional tip: Do not use leftover glass jars. New mason jars with its brand new lid are ideal for good sealing and keeping the content dry.